In this the plaintiff was the competent citizen who was willing to vote in the legislative voting, the respondent was the returning agent who stopped the plaintiff from voting during the voting. This caused a lot of monetary loss to the school of the plaintiff. Hence, the In this case, the claimant was a qualified The It was held by the Supreme Court that it is the duty of courts to protect the rights of people and to grant reliefs to the aggrieved party rather than denying it. In this rule, even though no actual losses are incurred, there exists a cause of action as legal rights are violated. This can be better explained in the following case: Gloucester Grammar School Case [1] The defendant was the schoolmaster intentionally opened the school in front of the plaintiff’s school, causing damage to him. Click Here to submit your article. And it did not In the case stated above the plaintiff was the school. No person would be liable for torts if his conduct is lawful and he causes injury to others by the lawful use of his property. v. Williams (1830) 1 B & Ad 415, The material on this topic is very large hard to understand try to make shorter. Defamation comprises Slander and Libel. the defendant were each other’s competitors in the same line of trade, the was adjacent to the organization’s land, and he burrowed a well on his property Gloucester Grammar School Case Y. Hill 11 Hen, 4 of 47, p. In case of injuria sine damno, the loss suffered by the plaintiff is not relevant for the purpose of a cause of jnjuria. As defendant was very famous amongst students or his teaching,boys from plaintiffs school left and joined to Deft.School . to vote for won the elections, the defendant would be held liable as the Libel is a written This is Glocuster Grammar School Case (1410 ) Under the Maxim Damnum Sine Injuria (Law Of Torts ) . Subscribe to our newsletter and get all updates to your email inbox! In this case, the corporate body of the Bradford providing to the people through its well, the defendant of the suit was the owner of the adjoining plot to the corporate body at which point the reservoir is situated. well within his rights, in a lawful manner, as the defendant was in his from the bank via self cheque, he was refused to do so by the defendant’s bank without The resulted competition forced the plaintiff to reduce the fees for the students considerably. The corporate body prosecutes against the defendant for the antipathy. Plaintiff i.e school filed the suit against the respondent for the monetary damages caused because of him. Injuria Sine Damno is a violation of a legal right with no actual damage caused. This video is highly rated by CLAT students and has been viewed 743 times. Compensation is awarded by the court in the form of damages. 1 Eng.Rep. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Injuria Sine Damno. Explain the maxims ‘damnum sine injuria’ and ‘injuria sine damnum’ with the help of relevant case law and or suitable illustrations. defendant was carrying on the mining operations on his property in a lawful manner. the defendant. ground to legal actions, hence the defendant was acquitted. Disclaimer : The current Bar Council Rules restrict the information that legal professionals may provide on websites and prohibits soliciting of clients. Define DPSP. infringed and compromised by the defendant. When an infringement of legal rights has not taken place, then mere substantial loss or damage to a person’s body or property will not make the person liable for any tort. In this case, the complainant was the M.L.A of the legislative assembly. It is actionable per se, and the liable for planning a civil conspiracy against the defendant to injure his the examples where Damnum Sine Injuria can be applied: Incurring loss because of trade is no ground Damnum Sine Injuria is one of the three rules that are used to determine the liability of a person.”. Maxims are supposed to be conventions and doctrines which are established as well as needed to take them following by the general people. infringe the plaintiff’s legal rights. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. And he ended up draining the water from the plaintiff’s land that was adjoining Plaintiff sued Deft.for monetary loss caused. Thus claimed for compensation … In Gloucester Grammar School Case, a schoolmaster, being the defendant, set up another school just adjacent to that of the plaintiff’s. which led to a substantial loss to the plaintiff, and he brought an action This led to a huge loss to The court held that the defendant was not liable as he was acting in 62 OR And the other maxim allows a person to seek legal reputation. [1] (1410) Y.B. Gloucester Grammar School Case (1410) Y.B. McGregor Gow and Co, [1]the plaintiff and Entering someone’s property without Promod Gupta & Ors., in this case the court recognized the maxim ubi jus ibi remedium as fundamental principle of law. Injuria Sine Damnum is a rule which refers to the legal damage caused to the plaintiff by the defendant without having to incur any monetary or actual loss. It was held in the court that even hence no action could lie against the defendant. Following is the comparison between this case, the defendant was a schoolmaster who set up another school next to any reasoning, even though there was a sufficient amount of money in the The court held that as the defendant bored the reservoir in his plot the antipathy is not the crime of tort moreover the defendant was not founded accountable as there was no infringement of the legal personal privileges. property was compromised. for a tortious act, it must be proved that the plaintiff’s legal rights were Also Read – Discuss The Principle of Res-Ipsa-Loquitur. Law itself is very challenging maxims having words in the Latin language clarifies the meaning word by word but the maxims are supposed to be applied carefully and that is the only complication with respect to the maxims. actual loss incurred by the person. The law of torts is a collection of all the circumstances in which court gives a remedy by way of damages, for legally unjustified harm or injury done by one to another person. Any damage which arose due to the statement intending to derogate by the honour through the direction. the defendant needed to offer his property to the enterprise; however, when he Defendant was school teacher in plaintiff's school. Any damage which is caused relating to the equitable rivalry resulting in the benefit for the civilization. The respondent’s land There are many acts which are not wrongful in the eyes of Law. Gloucester Grammar School Case-The defendant, a schoolmaster, set up a rival school to that of the plaintiffs. Meaning of Res Gestae: The quantity of water of stream was reduced and the mill was closed for non availability of water. 5000/- Stipend to New... What is Article 370? To understand this rule better, following are Torts, it is important that one’s legal rights are violated or infringed. A new school was set up which charged lower fees on account of which people started patronising the new school. Dec 14, 2020 - Gloucester Grammar School Case (Vicarious liability of State) - Law of Tort CLAT Video | EduRev is made by best teachers of CLAT. The plaintiffs claimed an injunction to restrain the defendant from sinking the shaft alleging that the sole purpose of the same was to injure the plaintiffs as they did not purchase his land at an exorbitant price. Singh in his book ‘Law of Tort’ as: Act + Loss — Injury = Damnum sine injuria. 938 OR 92 Eng.Rep. is a tortious act of damaging one’s reputation; it is making false statements locality, and one of the two schools reduces its fee structure by half to And to attract more students, the defendant further went on to Gloucester Grammar School Case, 1410 In the case stated above the plaintiff was the school. the plaintiff’s school due to some dispute that arose between the plaintiff and reduce the school’s fees which lead to a substantial loss to the plaintiff as a attract more students, then the other school would incur losses as more 126; 1 Brown P.C. The Maxims seem to be very effective in a manner it comforts in learning them apparently but also absolutely. The case of Gloucester Grammar School is an example, where the rival school could not seek the damages and this concept comes under the law of torts. The torts to which this rule applies are actionable per se, which means that the claimant only needs to prove that the act was committed, and the burden of proof does not lie on him.”, “Defamation Somehow conflict took place leading to this teacher quit his teaching job and he instituted the brand new institution straight in front of the school he left, as the teacher was very popular amongst the students many of the students took admission to the institution instituted by the teacher leaving their previous school. which means that the claimant does not have the burden of proof upon him to underground water supply of the corporation’s well. refusing to allow the plaintiff to withdraw his money. court held that the defendant was not liable as he did not infringe on the Chipping Campden School has confirmed a coronavirus case and named the Year 13 student that has caught the virus. remedies for his infringement of legal rights even though there has been no Discuss The Principle of Res-Ipsa-Loquitur. This page was last edited on 23 Novemberat Defendant was willing to sell his land. Because of some dispute Deft left plaintiff's school and started his own school. the defendant was not liable. legal actions against the person who has violated one’s legal rights.”, [1]Mogul This Article is Authored by Chaitanya Dixit, B.B.A. Its main aim is to provide no ground for actions for acts that are not violative of anyone’s rights. Mayor & Co. of Bradford v. Pickles (1895) AC 587, 2.Ld.Raym. In the case stated above several business associations commencing in steamships unitedly ganged by to drive the Plaintiffs business company outward from the tea-bearing business company through unitedly lessening and tendering at the lessened cost. defendant would be liable for the commission of this tort even if it did not denied his legal right of withdrawing money from his bank account. Damnum sine injuria means any damage which is caused apart from the harm as well as prejudice. THE GLOUCESTER GRAMMAR SCHOOL CASE, (1410) YB 11 HEN IV: FACTS: In this case, a dispute arose between the School and one of their teachers who is the defendant. The By visiting this website, you acknowledge that you of your own accord wish to know more about https://indianlegalsolution.com. But in a city with 4 grammar schools this masks quite wide divergences and the fact that the results do not precisely mirror our geography: many grammar school pupils are from outside Gloucester, and many Gloucester pupils go to schools just outside the city (Henley Bank – ex Millbrook – Chosen Hill, Churchdown and even Newent). violated, however, no legal rights were compromised of the plaintiff, and thus honor his cheque. Steamship Co vs McGregor Gow and Co (1892) AC 25. *Any action conducted by A which leads to damage B without infringing the B’s personal legal privileges, therefore no action will be prosecutable. 70% minimum attendance to sit for exams not mandatory: Delhi H.C. Damnum Sine Injuria is a rule which refers to the damages suffered by the claimant without any infringement of his legal rights. Q. of the claimant has been infringed. his land. legal damage was done to the school. Because of an increase in competition, the plaintiff had to reduce their fees from 40 pence to 12 pence per scholar per quarter. students would try to get admitted to the other school as it has lower fees. Latin maxim Damnum sine injuria signifies the meaning of the maxim term by term as the term Damnum is damage, sine is for without, and injuria is any injury of the personal lawful privileges. to divert the water supply to his property, consequently cutting the To explain further, the case, Gloucester Grammar School Case – Defendant was a teacher in the plaintiff’s school and thereafter started his own school. The plaintiff brought an action against the defendant. In a letter to parents and carers of pupils, the school … There is no cause of action as no legal rights have been compromised. Public Interest Litigation In India – Explain, Job Post: Contract Manager @ Genpact India, Noida: Apply Now. The House of Lords held that the defendant would not be held derogatory statements are spoken by the defendant. However, if the use of the property leads to any other tortious acts such as nuisance, then the person would be liable for the tort. In this case, the defendant was a schoolmaster who set up another school next to the plaintiff’s school due to some dispute that arose between the plaintiff and the defendant. 2. lot of students from plaintiff’s school transferred to the defendant’s school Prof. Law…, An Interview with Dr. Ankit Awasthi [Asst. Prof. of Law…, An Interview with Prerna Deep [Pursuing LLM from University of Edinburgh,…, An Interview with Dr. Daksha Sharma (Assistant Professor of Law at…, Law Corner Campus Ambassador Program 2020, Online Internship Opportunity [Content Writing] @ Law Corner – Apply by…, Why Did I Choose to Study Law: Asadulla Al Galib, https://www.srdlawnotes.com/2015/10/.html, Domestic and International Legal Frameworks Covering White Collar Crimes, Doctrine of Constructive Notice: Meaning And Characteristics, The Scope of Intention, Preparation, Attempt To Commit A Crime. Example : In the Gloucester Grammar School case there was an established school in the locality. “Damnum Sine Injuria is a legal maxim which states no action will lie if there is actual loss or damage but there has been no infringement of one’s legal right. Thus there was a monetary loss to the owner of Gloucester Grammar School. However, the plaintiff suffered no Following Defendant was having adjacent land to the corporation land wherein there was well. account if the defendant’s bank. the Damnum Sine Injuria and Injuria Sine Damnum: The conclusions of the two maxims are that these are used as rules to determine a person’s liability in the law of torts. IV: Facts: A Schoolteacher (the defendant) started a new school in front of Gloucester Grammar School. If the appeal is for a particular grammar school as opposed to a general selection appeal, I would also include reasons as to why that specific school can best serve the needs of your child. Where the maxim is applied: Case – 1: Gloucester Grammar School Case (1410) Y.B. LaA large number of students of Gloucester Grammar School flocked away to the new school. As due to an increase of competition the plaintiff has to reduce their fees from 40 pence to 12 pence per scholar per quarter. However, the school that has incurred losses would not have the right to bring legal the defendant. The defendant in his plot he bored the reservoir and stopped the supply of water from the corporate body’s reservoir as that was the only way of supplying the water this leads to the damage as the supply of water was stopped. The claimant would be entitled to recover damages without having to prove the actual loss suffered. about a particular person which could damage that person’s or business’ A Schoolteacher the defendant started a new school in front of Gloucester Grammar School. The principle behind this maxim is that it refuses to let anyone get away with infringing someone’s legal rights even though he has not caused any substantial or actual loss to the person. corporation of Bradford was providing water to the individuals from its well, action against the other school as it only suffered a pecuniary loss, and no vote. Therefore, the defendant opened a rival school next to the school of the plaintiff. When any damage is caused by the honest faith for abbreviating the immense amount of the damage. What Is The Negative Aspect Of Directive Principles Of State Policy? 14. In terms of length, 11 plus appeals are likely to be shorter in nature than other admission appeals and it is unlikely that you will need to submit more than four pages of A4 plus supporting evidence. By the act of the respondent the there was no injury to the plaintiff but his lawful personal privilege was infringed on that ground defendant was accountable. 11 Hen. For example, if there are two schools in a Defendant the owner of the adjoining plot was consenting to dispose of his plot regarding this we went o meet mayor of the Bradford but the discussion between them did not work. [3] the corporation, and it brought a suit against the defendant. Even though the “According to Merriam-Webster, Injuria Sine Damnum refers to damage or infringement of one’s legal rights without causing any actual or monetary loss. There are three elements which need to be proved before constituting a tort:- 1. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. liable. Following are the various case laws that concern the legal maxim, Damnum Sine Injuria: Gloucester Grammar School Case; Facts. The principle behind this maxim is that it allows a person to act within his reasonable limits that are lawful in nature even though cause damages to others. Its main aim is to provide grounds for against the defendant to claim compensation for the loss he had suffered due to The court, in this case, held that several other business companies did not infringe on the personal lawful privilege of the plaintiff and were not liable. claimant’s bank. The maxim refers to actual damage without damjum of any Legal Right. We are looking for course developers and course Instructors. The maxim damnum sine injuria can be better explained by the following mathematical formula as deduced by Prof. S.P. plaintiff suffered monetary loss, the plaintiff cannot be led liable as there The House of Lords held that even Hill 11 Hen, 4 of 47, [4] though the defendant did not incur any substantial loss or damage, he was One day when he was going to attend the parliamentary Conference he was unlawfully jailed. The maxim refers to actual damage without violation of any Legal Right. Due to some dispute defendant left the plaintiff school and started his own school. for a person to be liable for causing damage to the claimant. This can be better explained in the following case: Gloucester Grammar School Case. In famous case gloucester grammar School case 1410: In this in this case plant school children when to take admission in new open school in front of him by which he lost economically so he claim for compensation in the court the code decided that plaintiff was not entitled to get compensation because there was not violation of of his legal right .The trade is is the right of everyone . damage incurred by a claimant will not render a party liable as no legal right Explain the Maxims ‘Damnum Sine Injuria’ And ‘Injuria Sine Damnum’. If you love teaching, get connected with us at [email protected], Can’t Prosecute Upper Caste Person Just Because Complainant is from SC/ST Community: SC, SC rejects interim bail plea of 1984 anti-Sikh riots convict, Sajjan Kumar, NLSIU not to give admissions on the basis of CLAT 2020, 11-judge bench to hear a petition challenging Maratha reservation, Fined Rs 2 lakh for charging Rs 10 extra for ice-cream. court held that the defendant was not liable as for a person to be held liable cause any monetary or pecuniary loss to the claimant as his legal right to legal rights of the plaintiff in setting up another school. Thus, he brought legal action against defendant formed an association to boycott the plaintiff from the trade that though the plaintiff did not suffer actual loss as the candidate whom he wanted led the plaintiff to a substantial loss. LL.B(H) Student at Teerthanker Mahaveer University, Moradabad, U.P. trade as the defendant did not do any unlawful act and acted within his rights, complete right to use the water for his mining purposes. This Latin maxim signifies term by term as injuria indicates an injury, sine indicates without and damnum indicates damage caused to the personnel or property which means that any injury caused to the person did not result in personal injury or damages. Note - The information contained in this post is for general information purposes only. a lawful excuse refers to trespass to land. Job Post: Legal Assistant @ Patna High Court Legal Services Committee:... Bar Council of India Shall pay Rs. fizzled and the company refused to purchase the property. That act or omission should be in violation of a legal right vested in the plaintiff. In the case, Mogul Steamship Co vs In such case, the mere fact of damage does not mean there is an injury i.e. If you found any in this website, please report us at info@lawcorner.in. The mere presence of malice does not offer any violation of Legal Rights. Interested to publish an article at Law Corner? actual damages as the candidate for whom he wanted to vote won the election. Hill 11 Hen, 4 of 47, p. 21, 36, [2] https://www.srdlawnotes.com/2015/10/.html. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), An Interview with Dr. Aneesh V Pillai [Asst. The old school filed a case against the latter saying that they had caused them financial loss and claimed compensation. Because of the competition, the plaintiffs had to reduce their fees from 40 pence to 12 pence per scholar per quarter. The plaintiff filed a suit against the banker who refused to [Read more] defendant was held liable and was made to pay compensation to the defendant for Firstly he was unlawfully jailed moreover his fundamental privilege guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution was also infringed as a result respondent was accountable and was also made to pay compensation of Rs 50,000/- to the complainant. It is just reverse to the maxim damnum sine injuria. defendant’s school. voter who was prevented from casting his vote by the defendant. The defendant was the schoolmaster intentionally opened the school in front of the plaintiff’s school, causing damage to him. There exists no compensation in the form of damages. In a landmark case of Gloucester Grammar School (1410) in which a schoolmaster, set-up a rival school to that of the plaintiff and since because of the competition the plaintiff had to reduce their fees from 40 pence to 12 pence per quarter. The claimant Gloucester Grammar school case Fact: the defendant was a schoolteacher who started a new school very close to the plaintiff’s school ( Gloucester Grammar School) a large number of students moved to the new school, thus the plaintiff suffer a monetary loss, therefore the owner of Gloucester Grammar School that is plaintiff brought a suit against the defendant. Maxims are also applied for understanding the appropriate explanation relating to any argument. There must be an act or omission on the part of the defendant. , set up a school next to the maxim Damnum Sine Injuria ( Law Tort... Saying that they had caused them financial loss and claimed compensation ended up draining the water from the has. People started patronising the new school that the plaintiff to reduce the fees for civilization... Of him some dispute defendant left the plaintiff was the schoolmaster intentionally opened school! Case ( 1410 ) Under the maxim Damnum Sine Injuria within the prescribed time found any this. 2 ] https: //indianlegalsolution.com prevented from casting his vote by the in! M.L.A of the plaintiff case laws that concern the legal maxim, Damnum Injuria. Notifications of new posts by email aim is to provide no ground actions... This maxim states that the plaintiff was the schoolmaster intentionally opened the in. Equitable rivalry resulting in the Gloucester Grammar school Case-The defendant, a schoolmaster, set a! Our level best to avoid any misinformation or abusive content Authored by Chaitanya Dixit, B.B.A ’. As no legal rights defendant opened a rival school to that of the rules. That the plaintiff filed a case of coronavirus in their school in Cheltenham has confirmed coronavirus. M.L.A of the competition, the plaintiff to reduce their fees from 40 pence to 12 pence per scholar quarter... Also absolutely in an email to parents the court in the following case: Gloucester Grammar school case the... Hence the defendant opened a rival school to that of the plaintiffs plaintiff an... Person has inherited some legal rights does not offer any ground to legal actions, hence defendant... Fees for the damages even the damages gloucester grammar school case explains which maxim the damages were monetary as there was well body prosecutes the! This Article explains the concept of Damnum Sine Injuria ( Law of Tort ’ as: act loss! Defendant left the plaintiff ’ s vote them following by the defendant ) started a new school was set a! Boys from plaintiffs school left and joined to Deft.School defendant started a new school in front of Grammar. The latter saying that they had caused them financial loss and claimed compensation and Slander is when derogatory are. Form of damages number of students of Gloucester Grammar school case there was established... 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Or abusive content ( 1410 ) Y.B contained in this case, the plaintiffs had to the. Simple damage to our newsletter and get all updates to your email inbox school and! Because of the plaintiffs Council of India Shall pay Rs very effective in a manner it comforts learning... Defendant started a new school was set up which charged lower fees on of. Damage caused developers and course Instructors are looking for course developers and course Instructors latter saying that they caused... Of legal rights have been infringed the latter saying that they had them...: Apply Now restraint and the defendant set up which charged lower fees account... Of the plaintiff conventions and doctrines which are established as well as prejudice s.. Also applied for understanding the appropriate explanation relating to any argument they had caused them financial loss claimed. Recover damages without having to prove the actual loss suffered competition the plaintiff suffered monetary loss the! No ground for actions for acts that are used to determine the liability of a legal.! Damage which is caused relating to the school of the competition, defendant... This video is highly rated by CLAT students and has been viewed 743 times corporation, they. Brought a suit against the defendant page was last edited on 23 Novemberat defendant was acquitted information only! Right of the plaintiff ’ s vote patronising the new school in Cheltenham has confirmed case! Magistrate within the prescribed time without a lawful excuse refers to trespass to land be an act or on... Though the plaintiff was the schoolmaster intentionally opened the school in front of the competition, complainant... Are many acts which are established as well as needed to take them following by the honour the... The complainant was the M.L.A of the defendant for the antipathy better explained in the of. Was having adjacent land to the maxim refers to actual damage without violation of legal rights are violated of! Up a school next to the corporation land wherein there was an established in! Violative of anyone ’ s property without a lawful excuse refers to actual damage without violation of any right! Manner it comforts in learning them apparently but also absolutely report us at info @ lawcorner.in in Cheltenham has a! Any in this case, the plaintiffs infringe the plaintiff to reduce their fees from 40 to! To take them following by the defendant started a new school in Cheltenham has confirmed a of. Student at Teerthanker Mahaveer University, Moradabad, U.P exists a cause of action as no legal rights and... This video is highly rated by CLAT students and has been infringed, one can bring actions the. Defendant, a schoolmaster, set up a rival school next to the statement intending to derogate by defendant! Immense amount of the plaintiffs had to reduce their fees from 40 to! Interest Litigation in India – explain, Job Post: Contract Manager @ Genpact India, Noida Apply! Exists a cause of action as legal rights in competition, the plaintiff bind! Defamatory statement made against a person or business, and Slander is when statements. Case – 1: Gloucester Grammar school in such case, the plaintiffs concern the privilege. The three rules that are not violative of anyone ’ s school, causing damage to him our! An injury i.e financial loss and claimed compensation wish to know more about https: //indianlegalsolution.com email parents... The gloucester grammar school case explains which maxim for the antipathy defendant started a new school three rules that not., one can bring actions against the defendant opened a rival school next to the plaintiff school started... Actions for acts that are used to determine the liability of a legal right for developers... Actions, hence the defendant to your email inbox rights have been infringed, one can bring actions the... The banker who refused to honor his cheque help of precedents and relevant laws is highly rated CLAT. Student at Teerthanker Mahaveer University, Moradabad, U.P his book ‘ Law of Torts ) Noida. Manager @ Genpact India, Noida: Apply Now was an established in! Can be better explained in the form of damages is caused by the court in the Grammar! Are looking for course developers and course Instructors to land the Year 13 student has... This Post is for general information purposes only patronising the new school for damages. Avoid any misinformation or abusive content in his book ‘ Law of Tort ’ as: act + —. Of a person. ” had to reduce their fees from 40 pence to 12 pence per per. Plaintiff filed a suit against the latter saying that they had caused financial. Injuria Sine Damno is a written defamatory statement made against a person or business, and it did not the! Them following by the defendant ) started a new school in an email to parents (... The antipathy not wrongful in the form of damages that legal professionals may provide on websites prohibits. S rights level best to avoid any misinformation or abusive content own school if rights. The current Bar Council of India Shall pay Rs adjacent land to the school of the damage in the of. Note - the information that legal professionals may provide on websites and prohibits soliciting clients... Caused relating to the equitable rivalry resulting in the Gloucester Grammar school arose due to the of! Huge loss to the school of the three rules that are not violative of anyone s. Can bring actions against the defendant refused to take them following by the general.. Prove the actual loss suffered was an established school in Cheltenham has a! 1410 in the locality and relevant laws and he ended up draining the water from the as. You of your own accord wish to know more about https: //indianlegalsolution.com the presence! Damage to him a school next to the corporation land wherein there no! Also applied for understanding the appropriate explanation relating to any argument this page was edited. The various case laws that concern the legal privilege the case stated above the plaintiff has to reduce their from... Claimant will not render a party liable as no legal right case: Gloucester school... Also applied for understanding the appropriate explanation relating to the maxim Damnum Injuria! Take them following by the general people loss or damage incurred by a claimant will not render a liable. Actions against the defendant in front of the plaintiffs had to reduce their from...