Name: _____ Prefix Assessment. wrong. A root word is a word or word part that can form the basis of new words through the addition of prefixes and suffixes. The roots with asterisks (*) are the 14 roots that provide clues to the meaning of over 100,000 words. Common Root Words Root Meaning Example Capable of (walking) being moved Study of human origins of or relating/resembling trees. 6 Root Words The main part or stem of a word is called a root word. Roots preceded by a hyphen are suffixes, or roots generally used at the end of a word; for example, -idae is th thae suffit is addex d to the roots of generic names to form the names of families of animals, and -pus is the Greek root meanin thag foot its used at the end of a Master List of Morphemes Suffixes, Prefixes, Roots Suffix Meaning *Syntax Exemplars -er one who, that which noun teacher, clippers, toaster -er more adjective faster, stronger, kinder -ly to act in a way that is… adverb kindly, decently, firmly -able capable of, or worthy of adjective honorable, predictable -ible capable of, or worthy of adjective terrible, responsible, visible Directions: Use the word bank to complete each sentence. re. These prefixes, suffixes, and roots apply to thousands of words. pre. Common Root Words • Examples include: cardi/o - heart cephalo/o - head dent/o - teeth ophthalm/o - eye steth/o - chest nas/o - nose ot/o - ear derm/o, dermato/o - skin 6. I can use root words I know to help me understand the meanings of new words. Prefixes • Come before the root word • Modify the meaning of the root word • Often qualify the following: number measurement I had to _____ the oven. Understanding the meanings of common roots can help you work out the meanings of new words as you encounter them. COMMON ROOT WORDS AND WORD ORIGINS ROOTS alter ami, amicamphi ann, enni anthrop aqua, Directions: Draw a line to match each prefix with its meaning. A root word conveys the essential meaning of the word and frequently indicates a body part. Firstly, prefixes and suffixes, primarily in Greek, but also in Latin, have a droppable -o-. mis. 5. before the root word, and suffixes come after). Common Prefixes, Suffixes, and Roots The following list should help you to arrive at definitions of unfamiliar words in the Verbal section of the GRE. View Prefix - Suffix - Root Words(1).pdf from ENG 464 at University of Notre Dame. In very simplistic terms, prefixes change the meaning of word s, and suffixes change their form (including plural, tense, comparative, and part of speech). This is only a partial list of the most frequently used roots. un. lists common suffixes. With a combining form, the root word and a combining vowel such as i, e, o, or a may be combined with another root word, a prefi x, or a suffi x to describe a Common Root Words Root Word Meaning carotid great arteries of the neck carp- wrist cent- a fraction in the metric system; one hundredth or 100 cente- to puncture (a body cavity) cephal- head cervic- neck chol- bile chondr- cartilage cili- eyelid cleid(o)- clavicle cubitus elbow cyan- blue cycl- circle or cycle There are a few rules when using medical roots. breviation in parentheses (the root erythr is from a Greek word). 1. again. Common Word Roots There are hundreds of Latin word roots that are used frequently with prefixes and suffixes. 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